Function in Pregnancy: Vitamin K-1 activates clotting factors in the blood, helping to prevent hemorrhage in both mother and baby. Babies do not produce vitamin K-1 and must rely on the supply available in the breast milk.
Symptoms of deficiency: Frequent bruises, nose bleeds, a history of heavy menstrual periods, gastrointestinal bleeding and blood in the urine. Having a history of antibiotic use or difficulty digesting fat both indicate a likely deficiency.
Effects of deficiency on mother and baby: Increased chance of miscarriage and postpartum hemorrhage, as well as fetal intercranial hemorrhage during or after birth.
Sources (Each choice proves 50% of your daily K-1, pick two):
• 1/2 cup of cooked dark leafy greens
• 1/2 cup raw sauerkraut
• 1 cup raw green leaf lettuce (not iceberg)
• 1 cup cooked broccoli
• 1 cup cooked brussel sprouts
• 1/4 cup raw parsley
• 1/2 cup raw cilantro
• 6 Tablespoons pine nuts
Function in Pregnancy: Vitamin K-2 prevents the early calcification of the growth plates of the baby’s bones, allowing for proper bone formation. It also plays a crucial role in keeping mother’s own teeth and bones healthy, preventing decay and osteoarthritis. Vitamins A and D both require Vitamin K-2 in order to do their jobs of bone formation and calcium placement.
Symptoms of deficiency: Vitamin K-2 status is related to that of vitamin K-1. If any of the symptoms under K-1 apply, a deficiency in K-2 should be suspected as well.
Effects of deficiency on mother and baby: Tooth decay, soft tissue calcification, bone loss, growth retardation in utero, nervous system damage in the baby, and birth defects, including underdevelopment of the nose, mouth and mid-face, cupped ears and shortened fingers.
Sources (Eat a variety of the following daily to provide ample Vitamin K-2)
• Hard or soft cheese, preferably raw and aged for at least 60 days
• Egg yolks
• Yellow butter
• Liver, any type
• Muscle meat, any type
• Raw sauerkraut